informative-speech-outlineLewis Carroll said: “If you do not know where you are going, any road will get you there”. However, if you are assigned to prepare an informative speech, you know where you are going. Your goal is an A+ speech and impressed audience… Right? It means that you need to carefully plan and organize your speech. Check these examples and explanations to make your outline for an informative speech just perfect.

Informative speech outline: know your goal

If you wonder how to write an informative speech, you should understand what an informative speech is. An informative speech is an oral presentation of people, events, places, concepts or things. It informs and teaches the audience, but never persuades or calls for action. An informative speech should contain a lot of details. It should not be confused with a persuasive speech that calls for action or with a diplomatic speech that is full of generalities. When writing an outline for an informative speech, note that your main goals are to:

  • inform your audience;
  • draw their attention to the problem;
  • provide a lot of interesting details;
  • explain why what you say is credible and important.

Informative speech outline: introduction

The first and arguably one of the most important parts of your informative speeches is the introduction. You have only a few minutes to capture the attention of the audience and show them why they should listen to you. It is a win-or-lose situation, and your success heavily depends upon it. Here are the main parts of a winning introduction:

  1. Attention getter (start from striking statistics, a famous quote, a joke or an interesting fact). For example, if you are going to speak about stress, you may start from statistics: about 75 percent of people experience some kind of stress every two weeks. Or, a joke: some people say that they do not suffer from stress, because they pass it on to others.
  2. Reason to listen (discuss why your audience should care about the problem). Though everyone knows that stress is bad, you may want to mention that stress is called a silent killer because it increases the risk of illnesses.
  3. Thesis statement (e.g.: Effective stress coping strategies are essential to maintaining healthy lifestyles).
  4. Credibility of your speech (mention why you are an expert in the field – you have read a lot of books or recent studies etc.).
  5. Preview of main points (e.g.: Firstly, I will discuss the causes of stress. Secondly, I will discuss the consequences of stress. Finally, I will discuss some effective stress-coping strategies).

informative-speech-outlineNote that these parts (attention getter, reason to listen, thesis statement, credibility and preview) are provided for your information, but these details are not traditionally included into an informative speech outline (check the example provided below).

Informative speech outline: main body

When writing an informative speech outline, include the points you have mentioned in the preview as the main body. Use connections and transitions to make your speech flow smoothly, include examples, visual aids, involve your audience into the discussion (be careful if you include a question and answer period because your audience can answer something else than what you expect them to say).

Informative speech outline: conclusion

  • Repeat the main points you have discussed (check the section “preview of main points”).
  • Remind the audience why the problem is important (e.g.: Stress is called a silent killer…)
  • Offer a memory aid. For example, 2 As for the 1st stress-coping strategy “Change the situation” – avoid the stressor or alter the stressor and 2 As for the 2nd stress-coping strategy “Change your reaction” – adapt to the stressor or accept the stressor.

Informative speech outline: example

Here is a sample informative speech outline:

  1. Stress as a silent killer
  2. Main body
    • Main causes of stress – stressors
    • Heart diseases, high blood pressure and insomnia as consequences of stress
    • ”Change the situation” and “change your reaction” as two effective stress-coping strategies
  3. Stress as an important concern and strategies for coping with it

So, now you can easily write an outline for informative speeches. These simple steps and clear examples are the road that will lead you to excellent grades for your informative speeches.

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